The goal of soil conservation is to slow down the rate of erosion. Heavy rains and strong winds can cause extreme erosion of soil but with smart soil conservation, the erosion can be slowed down.
Let’s take a look at 6 methods of soil conservation
Contour plowing involves plowing against the slope. This type of plowing against the slope slows the flow of water. If the rows are plowed vertically then they create a channel for the water and increase erosion.
Terracing involves taking a steep hill and dividing it into smaller flat areas. A terrace looks similar to a staircase
Windbreak can slow down erosion by wind trees and shrubs are planted to acts as blockades or barricades between fields
No til plowing This involves not chopping down the plants all the way down. Old stalks and remains of plants are left in the ground. This helps to slow down erosion.
Cover crop involves planting crops between harvests to help replace certain nutrients and slow erosion. The plants replace nutrients and protect the soil from wind and water erosion
Crop rotation is the practice of growing a series of different types of crops in the same area across different growing seasons. The variety of crops helps save vital nutrients in the soil.
George Washington Carver encouraged southern farmers to rotate crops like cotton with soil-enriching crops like peanuts and peas.